I Cardinali protettori e i rapporti con la Chiesa nella storia dell'Accademia Filarmonica di
Bologna. On the occasion of the appointment of
Cardinal Archbishop Giacomo Biffi to honorary member of the Accademia
Filarmonica of Bologna, 2001, 50 pp.
Music in Bologna, musicians in Bologna.
the occasion of the conferring of the honorary academic membership to His Very
Reverend Eminence Cardinal Giacomo Biffi, Archbishop of Bologna, on 16 June 2001
the Accademia Filarmonica celebrated Sant’Antonio’s Feasts
with a concert of the Musical Chapel of San Petronio, conducted by
Federico Salce and performing the Oratorio Panis Angelicus by Albino Varotti. On
the same occasion, a wide paper describing the past history of the Accademia
Filarmonica, from the origin of its ancient connections with the Bolognese
Church to nowadays was published.
The relation with the Church has characterized the history of the Accademia
Filarmonica ever since its foundation (1666). The annual feasts with Mass and
Vespers in the honour of the Accademia’s Patron Sant’Antonio from Padua,
held in San Giovanni in Monte, were the emblematic example of the devotional
feature of the Congregation of the Philarmonics. After becoming depositary of
the “osservato” style of church music, which took inspiration from
Renaissance classical models, the Accademia obtained official recognition of its
own Statutes by Popes Clemente XI (1716), Benedetto XIV (1749), Clemente XIV
(1772), Pio IX (1847).
The institutional office of the Protector Cardinals, who from 1713 to 1860
succeeded one after the other as guide of the congregation, and contributed in a
determining way to the increasing of the Accademia’s prestige and
international influence, was the
symbol of the connection between the Accademia and the Church. Even after the
unity of Italy (1860), when the Protector Archbishops’ institutional office
ceased, the link between the Accademia and the Church has always remained
strong, and the names of the Archbishops in Bologna have continued to be
included in the Academic honour roll.
The historical essay on the Protector Cardinals and the relations with the
Church in the history of the Accademia Filarmonica of Bologna is mostly based on
unpublished documents kept in the Archives of the Accademia, particularly in the
Recordings of the meetings and in the Collections of letters. The fascinating
description which derives allows on the one hand the understanding of the
primary role of the Cardinals in stating the Accademia’s international
reputation; on the other hand, it reveals the institution’s great adaptating
capacity in relation to the inevitable changes of society in the course of the
centuries, even though the essential values which had been animating the
confraternity ever since its foundation would
remain unchanged. A rich store of photographic reproductions and of biographical
notes completes the volume, which represents an important contribution to the
knowledge of the history of the Accademia Filarmonica.
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text (Italian version only)