I canoni di Giovanni Battista Martini, in "L'idillio di
Amadeus", a cura di Piero Mioli, Conservatorio di Musica G.B. Martini
di Bologna, Forni ed. pp.81-183.
This writing is an introductory essay on Martiniís
Canons. The huge amount of Martiniís canons escapes a superficial analysis
since their manifold levels and intertextual connections are too complex;
some deeper analysis presupposes an exhaustive cataloguing of all canons
based upon the original sources.
Martiniís Canons are very short compositions in Latin (high style), in
Italian (middle style), in Bolognese dialect (low style); from the musical
point of view, of course the Latin canons (which often deal with sacred
topics) show a greater seriousness, even if they may share some elements
with the low-style, profane canons. When approaching such works, it must be
taken into account that the large amount and variety of solutions provided
by Martini do not find anything similar in the field of European music.
For instance, the Italian ISBN (Index of National Service for
Libraries) describes 1395 documents relative to Martiniís Canons out of a
total amount of about 3000 documents relative to all canons in general. As a
matter of fact, Martiniís Canons are about 800.
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